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Los resultados de las politicas aasistencialistas paternalistas del mantengo y el costo a largo plazo para la sociedad y Pais.

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Los resultados de las politicas aasistencialistas paternalistas del mantengo y el costo a largo plazo para la sociedad y Pais.

Mensaje por Charlie319 el Vie Dic 28, 2012 2:16 pm

Hoy dia se vive una crisis de valores y de moral a nivel familiar. En algunos lugares menos de la mitad de las mujeres con hijos han estado casadas o tienen al padre de sus hijos consigo... Es esta falta de una estructura familiar la mayor carestia que enfrenta la juventud de hoy dia...

Fathers disappear from households across America
Big increase in single mothers
By Luke Rosiak - The Washington Times
Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Nicole Hawkins' three daughters have matching glittery boots, but none has the same father. Each has uniquely colored ties in her hair, but none has a dad present in her life.

As another single mother on Sumner Road decked her row-house stoop with Christmas lights and a plastic Santa, Ms. Hawkins recalled that her middle child's father has never spent a holiday or birthday with her. In her neighborhood in Southeast Washington, 1 in 10 children live with both parents, and 84 percent live with only their mother.

In every state, the portion of families where children have two parents, rather than one, has dropped significantly over the past decade. Even as the country added 160,000 families with children, the number of two-parent households decreased by 1.2 million. Fifteen million U.S. children, or 1 in 3, live without a father, and nearly 5 million live without a mother. In 1960, just 11 percent of American children lived in homes without fathers.

America is awash in poverty, crime, drugs and other problems, but more than perhaps anything else, it all comes down to this, said Vincent DiCaro, vice president of the National Fatherhood Initiative: Deal with absent fathers, and the rest follows.

People "look at a child in need, in poverty or failing in school, and ask, 'What can we do to help?' But what we do is ask, 'Why does that child need help in the first place?' And the answer is often it's because [the child lacks] a responsible and involved father," he said.

Dangerous spiral

The spiral continues each year. Married couples with children have an average income of $80,000, compared with $24,000 for single mothers.

"We have one class that thinks marriage and fatherhood is important, and another which doesn't, and it's causing that gap, income inequality, to get wider," Mr. DiCaro said.

The predilection among men to walk away from their babies is concentrated in the inner cities. In Baltimore, 38 percent of families have two parents, and in St. Louis the portion is 40 percent.

The near-total absence of male role models has ripped a hole the size of half the population in urban areas.

Tiny selfless deeds trickle in to fill that hole as the natural human desire for intimacy is fulfilled: One afternoon last week as a girl hoisted a half-eaten ice cream sandwich high over her pigtailed head, Larry McManus, the father of the girl's sister, bent down to eat out of her hands as he picked up the girls from school.

"I know dads that say they ain't their kids. I see dads being disrespectful of the mothers. And I see ones who take other men's kids to football games because they know their fathers aren't around," said Mr. McManus, an ex-felon who said he is "trying to make a lot of changes right now."

Asked his daughter's age, he consults with her sister.

"Five. She's in pre-K," the girl answered.

"She's 5," he echoed. "Mmm, that was good," he said gently of the ice cream sandwich. "Can I have another bite, please?"

Racial divide

Though income is the primary predictor, the lack of live-in fathers also is overwhelmingly a black problem, regardless of poverty status, census data show. Among blacks, nearly 5 million children, or 54 percent, live with only their mother. Twelve percent of black families below the poverty line have two parents present, compared with 41 percent of impoverished Hispanic families and 32 percent of poor white families.

The schism is most apparent in the District, which has a higher portion of two-parent families among whites, at 85 percent, and a lower share among blacks, at 25 percent, than any state.

In all but 11 states, most black children do not live with both parents. In every state, 7 in 10 white children do. In all states but Rhode Island and Massachusetts, most Hispanic children do. In Wisconsin, 77 percent of white children and 61 percent of Hispanics live with both parents, compared with more than 25 percent of black children.

"Something has to be done about it, and it starts with the culture and reversing the attitude that marriage is not important. The president has a role to play in that. He's a married African-American father who can probably make a huge difference with words alone," Mr. DiCaro said.

But the move toward single-parent homes has included every race, and from Curtis Bay in Baltimore to Millcreek outside Salt Lake City to Vancouver, Wash., just north of Portland, there are 1,500 neighborhoods with substantial white populations where most white households lack fathers. Maine, Vermont and West Virginia have the lowest dual-parenthood rates for whites.

Southern cross

The decline has hit disproportionately in the South, which considers itself a bastion of traditional family values.

Even in places where the percentage of the black population declined, single parenthood increased over the past decade, The Washington Times' analysis of census data shows. In South Carolina, where the black share of the population fell by 2 percent, single parenthood rose by 5 percent. In Kentucky and Louisiana, where the black population was constant, single parenthood increased 6 percentage points.

"In places you'd think values are at least talked about, they are not lived out necessarily. Education and income seem to trump them. The people who might not be preaching family values, like coastal upper-class communities, those are the people who are waiting to get married," Mr. DiCaro said.

The largest geographic area of sustained fatherlessness contains the rural, largely black poor across Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisiana, tributaries of broken homes running 400 miles along the Mississippi River from Memphis, Tenn., where in some neighborhoods 82 percent of children live with their mothers alone, to Baton Rouge, La., in parts of which less than one-fifth of children have both parents at home.

Black families differ from other racial groups in that the average black single mother has more children, not fewer, than her counterpart with a father present. Hispanic single mothers were most often dealing with the most mouths to feed but still had fewer children than their married counterparts.

To have and to hold

Mr. DiCaro points to a desire among the poor to produce something.

"When you have very little going for you in your life, having children can give purpose to it. If you're married, you're going to be much more cautious. There's health care costs and our jobs, whereas if we were both just kind of doing whatever, then why not just have another kid?"

Mr. McManus is quick to blame the absence of fathers to deaths or incarcerations, though women point out that many absent fathers live around the corner. Mr. McManus attributes that to the young age of many parents who are not ready to be "tied down." He said women who need help with their children will seek the companionship of other men who they think can be father figures.

Ms. Hawkins, the mother of three, lives with her youngest child's father but considers herself a single parent.

"When he's home, he's watching TV; it's his time. I get no help. Financially, he's been a good provider," she said, even for the children who aren't his. But "as far as being involved in activities, not so much."

Her relationship with her eldest child's father ended over his refusal to support their offspring, and her second child's father is in prison.

"My oldest was raised by both parents, so it's just selfish," she said, but "my middle one, he wasn't raised by either parent, so he doesn't know how."

"We need more fatherhood initiatives," she said, pointing to government- and nonprofit-funded programs at churches, prisons and community centers, such as those offered by Mr. DiCaro's group, "so they can see what they're missing."

Just then, her daughter Nadya picked up a tree branch and strummed it like a guitar, jumping up and down, all smiles. Ms. Hawkins reconsidered her thoughts on government programs.

"Though to me, that's the initiative right there," she said. "You can talk till you're blue in the face about how to do it, but ultimately, you just have to do it."



Missing dads is a problem 
not only in poor 
homes
Many wealthy parents 
are married to careers
By Luke Rosiak - The Washington Times


The inner cities, where only 1 in 10 black children live with both parents, and the wealthy suburbs, where many fathers spend more than 60 hours a week on the job, have more in common than meets the eye, family advocates and faith leaders said.

They made the comments Thursday after The Washington Times published an analysis this week of U.S. census data that provoked concern for children from widely disparate camps.

Welfare policies among the poor have put government in the role of the father and equated fatherhood with a monthly check, said Glenn T. Stanton, director of family formation studies at Focus on the Family in Colorado Springs. This has left many fathers free to walk away from their children knowing they will not starve thanks to programs that provide cash assistance to single mothers in proportion with the number of children they have, he said.

For fathers who are physically present, it sends a message that a few hundred dollars is a sufficient role.

"I think it would be difficult to overstate the significance of a welfare check replacing a marriage," though a committed relationship between a man and a woman — even if the man provides only the same modest income that welfare payments would — "rivals maybe a college education as a path" to upward mobility, Mr. Stanton said.

But if single mothers on welfare are married to the government, others said, the frantic and competitive lives of many men in the upper-middle class have wedded them to their jobs and relegated fatherhood to a role more centered on financial support than emotional guidance.

"I don't strictly believe it's an inner-city deal," said Hugh Cunningham, pastor of the Sojourn Church in the Dallas suburbs. "A lot of suburban men are married to their work. What they bring home is leftovers."

Although those wounds may be hidden under better clothing, the lack of two emotionally available parents crosses cultural and demographic lines.

"I don't think there's anyone who hasn't been shaped either by a father's affirmations or the wound of their absence," Mr. Cunningham said. "There isn't a whole lot of a difference between so-called Christian families and secular families when it comes to unsuccessful families or families that malfunction."

No matter how much money is poured into entitlement programs — or how much a father makes — "you spell love T-I-M-E," which is something the government cannot provide, said Joel Garcia of Latino Townhall, a Las Vegas-based charity whose mission is to provide education, mentoring and coaching to Hispanic youths.

"A dad is much more than an on-time, reliable paycheck. He's a human who contributes in very unique ways, and it's also the relationship between the father and the mother," Mr. Stanton said.

Moynihan revisited

The Times' in-depth analysis of millions of data points, which attracted thousands of comments online and requests for data and maps from community nonprofits, found that the rates of two-parent households have decreased markedly in every state over the past decade, especially in the South, a traditional bastion of purported family values.

It found that 32 percent of white families with children below the poverty line have two parents, while the rate was 41 percent for Hispanics and 12 percent for poor blacks.

But the problem is concentrated among blacks regardless of economic status. Most black children above the poverty line also live with only one parent, compared with 22 percent of whites.

That reality has academics revisiting a nearly 50-year-old report that explored the impact of government assistance and family situations on the black community. The 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan — at the time an assistant secretary in the Labor Department, who would later become a Democratic senator from New York — examined why rates of government dependence increased among blacks even as employment opportunities widened and brought a backlash from members of his own party.

In the ensuing decades, policies focused on propping up single mothers economically rather than addressing fatherlessness, with programs including Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, food stamps and the Women, Infants and Children food program all geared toward single women, especially those with multiple children.

"We said, 'How do we build the resources for single mothers to be able to compensate for absent fathers, instead of equipping families to remain intact?'" said Kenneth Braswell Sr., director of Fathers Inc. in Albany, N.Y. "We ignored the core of the Moynihan report, which was pay attention to the black father, because that guy is the one that's going to determine the outcome."

Fifty years and few answers

An analysis looking back on the report found that many factors tied to the presence of male role models among poor blacks have only worsened.

The Urban Institute and Mr. Braswell's group, in preparation for a Feb. 22 event, found that the percent of black women who are married declined from 53 percent to 25 percent over the past half-century, compared with a drop from 65 percent to 52 percent for white women and a 67 percent to 43 percent drop for Hispanics
.

"Now you have an increased number of black researchers who are saying 'Whoa, this guy was on point. I may not like the way he went about it, but in terms of his numbers, they can't be disputed,'" Mr. Braswell said.

Black men were 5 percent more likely to be working than black women in 2011, the groups said, and black women were more likely to hold jobs than white women for most of the past decade. Last year, that number was about equal.

"What we did in 1965 is misdiagnose the issue. It's like catching a cold and saying the issue is you have a runny nose," he said. "That's just a symptom. We went right at healing the runny nose, and the bacteria were popping up all over: guys having children by multiple women, not feeling obligated to stick around."

The Moynihan report did not provide a prescription.

"He said, 'Here's the data, it's now your job to figure out where to go with this,'" Mr. Braswell said.

Even with nearly 50 years to reflect on the findings, solutions are not clear-cut.

"We're also not going to provide any recommendations" this month, he said.

To Mr. Cunningham, the pastor, a clue is provided by a half-century of money-intensive government payments that accompanied only the further decline of families.

"The government doesn't have the power to fill" the role of parental guidance and love, he said. "We'll throw money at it, but it's not a money problem," he said. Tight budgetary times could provide an impetus.

"I think there's phenomenal hope because I don't have an expectation that the government can do it; they're running out of money themselves. The feds are going to drop it down to the state and they'll drop it down to the local level, and then the communities will have to rise up."

Churches, community groups and neighborhood volunteers with youngsters' ears will do the grunt work, he said, engaging in non-monetary substitutes for parenting such as the Big Brothers Big Sisters program.

The incentive to act is there, Mr. Braswell said.

"If it was a travesty in 1965, what is it now?"


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Charlie319
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Re: Los resultados de las politicas aasistencialistas paternalistas del mantengo y el costo a largo plazo para la sociedad y Pais.

Mensaje por Obatala el Lun Dic 31, 2012 9:47 am

En un PR Libre, no se toleraria el nivel de vagancia que hoy dia se ve en la isla.
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Re: Los resultados de las politicas aasistencialistas paternalistas del mantengo y el costo a largo plazo para la sociedad y Pais.

Mensaje por Chemo el Lun Dic 31, 2012 12:05 pm

Obatala escribió:En un PR Libre, no se toleraria el nivel de vagancia que hoy dia se ve en la isla.



Tranquilo papalote , por ahi viene un patriota llamado Napoleon666 que te va a dar catedra de como un patriota hace patria desde la estadidad en EEUU , los patriotas boricuas se convertiran en los YOLEROS boricuas , seran unos expertos contruyendolas y manejandolas en mar abierto ...pero a donde iran en yola???...si EEUU esta a sobre 1200 millas de PR???...iran a comer mangu en RD???...dito nene!!!!
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Re: Los resultados de las politicas aasistencialistas paternalistas del mantengo y el costo a largo plazo para la sociedad y Pais.

Mensaje por Charlie319 el Lun Dic 31, 2012 12:32 pm

No te olvides que Napo es Tain@...
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Re: Los resultados de las politicas aasistencialistas paternalistas del mantengo y el costo a largo plazo para la sociedad y Pais.

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